Helmets are the most important asset for any rider to protect from head injuries. If you want to do anything with your bike or your cycle, a good quality helmet is the most important factor. Helmets are important for many reasons, and one should understand that a good quality helmet and the types of helmets that are available. But let’s move our focus towards what protective helmets are made of.
It is tough for everyone to open a helmet up and look what it is actually made of. But we will try to help the readers out to know what actually are the helmets made of. Other than the creator’s skills and design excellence, one has to understand that a good helmet is a great work of art.
In this day of speed and competence, one has to understand that good helmets are a blessing in disguise. An individual can easily fit themselves into an unwanted accident, so having a helmet made from the best of material helps keep him safe for a long period with its durability.
What Are Helmets Made Of? A Complete Overview
The Outer Layer
This is one of the most important layers of helmets. An individual who has been using the helmet for a long time would realize the importance of the outer shell. The helmet’s outer shell has multiple tasks, from looking good to protecting the rider and taking in all the shock that can be caused by accident.
There are some good basics for the outer layer of the helmet. The first thing being the round shape of the product. A helmet should always be of a round shape as it won’t have any edges in the round shape that can elevate the accident that might be caused due to the rash driving scenario.
Other than this, impact protection is vital. The outer layer of the helmet should always take care of the fact that it is better in impact protection as it is the first hit thing during an accident. In the construction of the outer shell, hard shells are used. Some of them being polycarbonate or fiberglass shell, which are hard to break.
The particular materials used for the construction of the outer layer are:
Thermoplastic and fiberglass
Thermoplastic and fiberglass are the hardest materials that can be used in the helmet’s outer shell, which doesn’t break easily. It is a hot type of plastic that is molded to fill up the spaces of the helmet. Only the use of thermoplastic won’t make the helmet safe, but extra padding is the correct way to keep the helmet safer.
Likewise, fiberglass is another important material used in the helmet. It helps to protect the gist of the helmet. Making the useable fiberglass in the helmet is tedious, but when the required shapes are gained, it becomes extremely light and can be easily breakable.
Kevlar and Carbon fiber helmets
It is a substitute for thermoplastic and fiberglass. This is one of the expensive materials that can be used in any helmet. Carbon fiber and Kevlar are the hardest material that can be used to increase the safety of the helmet. When these materials are used as the substitute of thermoplastic and fiberglass, one can easily be protected.
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The Interior Layer
This is one of the most important layers of a helmet that the user least talked about. Every user tends to look at the outer shell at first and focus on what’s in the interior, but it should be the other way around. A lot of the helmet has the theromocol present in it, which tends to make it light.
But only the use of the thermocole cannot protect the riders from the serious injury that might occur during an accident. The interior layer is made up of various other aspects.
EPS is one of the most important foam paddings that helps keep the rider’s head in good shape even after huge accidents. The EPS liner is the hard material that is used inside of the helmet by the makers. This product may look very hard from the outset, but it is pretty comfortable and light to wear.
It will work as shock absorption for all the pressure induced by the helmet during a fall or an accident. EPS liner tends to push away all the heat generated during an accident and keeps the head away from all the issues.
As we have known the importance of EPS right above, the use of EPS will allow safety. In the same case, when multiple EPS is used in expensive helmets, it is not a pretty big thing to guess that it will provide a higher level of protection to the rider. Double EPS liner allows for extra protection of the head and also the neck.
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The Comfort Layer
This is an important part of any helmet that tends to play the lead role in the rider’s comfort. The comfort layer must be taken good care of by the manufacturers, and if missed any comfort options right here, this may cost the company with a huge amount of loss and not so good branding.
Comfort layers generally deal with the padding that is used in the helmet. The padding that is around the neck or the chin area of the helmet are important factors. The cheek pads, neck pads, extra cushions in the helmet helps to protect your face and especially your neck, which can be comforting in the long run.
There are a lot of advantages to having the extra padding. It protects the state of the helmet during windy days by putting it in the right spot. Not only that, the extra padding allows the removal of neck pain issues as well. One of the biggest advantages of the padding is soaking of the sweat and harmful dust that trickles down the head.
Two of the crucial factors that tend to affect sales and popularity are the vent and visor of the helmet. The visor is a very important product in a particular helmet. When the rider is into the dusty trails or windy roads, he/she cant look directly on the street; in that case scenario, a visor is a blessing in disguise.
It generally is a face shield that protects the eyes of the rider. For the individual who is curious about what visor is made off well, it differs. The cheaper helmet’s visor is acrylic, which turns out to be yellow after contact with the sun and rain for longer periods. In recent times though, the use of polycarbonate has also come through.
With the quality of helmets being improved, they use polycarbonate. The use of polycarbonate allows for better viewing at night. Not only polycarbonate visors are long-lasting and also scratch-resistant. But the rider should take the sole responsibility of cleaning the visor regularly for better results.
The modern concept of what helmets are made of goes to the placement and use of vents in the helmet too. Decade back vents were just there, and their importance was not highly talked about no matter what the type of helmet was the talk wasn’t focused on the venting system. But with time, the thing called the vent and venting system has been very important in modern helmets. Lots of helmet companies tend to boast about it too.
There are a variety of vents that tends to be used. The lower-quality helmets are made of intake vents, while the costlier ones have exhaust and outward vents. Vents actually are the small holes that tend to circulate the fresh air of the surrounding. Air that enters through the vent reaches the EPS liner and cools down the head of the rider.